Cyber Resiliency is the New Cyber Security

Here is the bottom line: when it comes to cyber threats, wshould of course take steps to protect ourselves and our businesses from attacks. However, we also need to prepare ourselves for the very real possibility that, at some point, someone will get into our systemsThat’s why many cyber experts are beginning to use the new term “cyber resiliency.”  

The concept of cyber resiliency stems from an understanding that the cyber threat landscape is so diverse that it’s important to make sure you can withstand and not simply prevent attacks. The overall goal of a cyber resilient system is therefore to maintain essential operating functions even when it is under attack. 

The Basics of Cyber Resiliency 

In the fall, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) released a cyber resiliency engineering framework that provides detailed steps organization can take to minimize the impact of attacks. However, the overall framework can be broken down into four basic goals: 

1. Anticipate 

According to the NIST framework, the first goal of cyber resiliency includes preventative measures often included in cyber security policies. However, anticipating a cyber threat goes beyond prevention by also focusing on preparing for an attack. This includes having an incident response plan in place, as well as changing your system often in order to preempt attacks.

2. Withstand  

Withstanding a cyber attack should involve steps taken to limit the overall damage an attack has, even if you haven’t detected the attack yetIn general, this involves deflecting the attack to areas that can take the most damage without disrupting day to day activitiesYou should also be prepared to entirely remove and replace systems that are badly damaged. 

3. Recover 

Before an attack even happens, you should know exactly how you plan to recover if one ever happens. This should primarily involve being prepared to revert your systems back to the state they were in before the attack. Recovery strategies will therefore depend heavily on having good backups of your system that you test regularly

4. Adapt 

At bottom, adaption means understanding that if the threat landscape continues to change, so do your security policies and systems. You should constantly be looking for new vulnerabilities within your system as well as new forms of cyber threats.  If an attack does happen, you should also be willing to take a hard look at how it happened and make changes accordingly.  

Leaders are best equipped to drive cyber resiliency efforts 

It is important to understand that these four cyber resiliency goals were designed to encourage communication between leadership-level business risk management strategies and the rest of the organizationWe’ve written before about the importance of proper governance and business leadership when it comes to cyber security and the same goes for cyber resiliency.  

Because many executives don’t come from a background in cyber security, it may seem to make the most sense to leave the responsibility to the IT department or someone trained security. However, cyber resiliency is as much a function of culture as anything: how we govern, organize, and communicate about cyber threats are all necessary considerations for putting cyber resilient policies into action.  

That’s why Accenture Security’s 2019 State of Cyber Resiliency Report emphasizes the three skills business leaders have that make them essential to any cyber resiliency policy:  

Scaling

The report found that leaders who scaled technologies and security systems across all levels of the organization were far more effective at both preventing attacks and discovering attacks already in place.  

 

Training 

 

Offering comprehensive security training across all levels of the organization also proved to be an effective method for protecting and maintaining system during cyber attacksBusiness leaders are therefore key for investing in and maintaining robust training programs.  

 

Collaborating 

 

Perhaps the most important skill a business leader brings to cyber resiliency is the ability to collaborate. Putting in place a cyber resiliency policy requires cooperation and communication between all levels and aspects of the business. By bringing different groups together and keeping everyone on the same page, organizations can be confident their policies and practices are as effective as possible.  

The Take Away

At its root, cyber resiliency involves preparing all aspects of an organization so that any potential cyber threat has a minimal impact on business operations. This involves well-informed risk management strategies, effective communication and training for employees, updated intrusion detection systemsand a strong incidence response plan that is tested and revised regularly. Cyber resiliency takes a village but depends first and foremost on leadership team that takes the task seriously. 

Cyber Awareness 4 mins at a time

Last week we announced our new Behavior-Designed Cyber Awareness ProgramOne part of that program will be a structured phish simulation campaigns; another part of the program is series of courses on a broad range of topics related to digital awareness, appropriate security practices, and behavioral biases which impact susceptibility to phishing emails and other forms of social engineering. Each course contains a number of micro-lessons designed to take only a few minutes — typically around 4 minutes — to complete. The intent of each course, in addition to the phish simulations that will run concurrently, is to give participants the tools they need to recognize and modify their online behavior in order to maintain a safer and healthier digital presence.  

Soon we will be rolling out the entire program, but for now we want to offer a sneak peak of what’s to come. Right now we are offering a free preview of a course on phishing attacks and how to spot them. If you want to try it out click here and enroll now for free 

And, if you haven’t already, you can check out a review of our new program published as a part of the Stanford Peace Tech Lab. 

GDPR — Large Fines — Larger Confusion?

This May marked the oneyear anniversary of the EU’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), perhaps the strictest set of privacy laws to date. The regulation includes landmark consumer rights when it comes to data privacy, including right of access, broadened consent requirements, and the right to be forgotten. Since going into effect, the GDPR has caused a huge debate among business and cybersecurity experts. Where some herald it as a new dawn for consumer privacy, others consider it too big a burden for businesses.

So, one year in, how have things played out so far?  

Breach Notification 

Before the GDPR, the EU had no overarching laws requiring companies to report data breaches. Instead, it was up to individual member states to enact such lawsSince the GDPR, however, things have changed. According to the DLA Piper GDPR Data Breach Survey, nearly 60,000 breaches were reported between May 2018 and February 2019. These breaches ranged from minor, such as emails sent to the wrong person, to massive data dumps effecting millions of people.  

Fines Imposed

The DLA Piper report also shows that 91 fines were imposed under the GDPRAccording to the European Data Protection board, combined fines totaled £55,955,871. However, this number can be misleading. Included in that total is the £50 million fine imposed on Google this January.  

Since those reports, however, there have been a number of even larger fines levied against companies. Just this month, the UK’s ICO proposed £183.39m fine against British Airways and a £99.2m fine against Marriott International for past data breaches.  

Business Still Confused

At the same time, businesses (primarily mid-size companies)  who want to comply but don’t have the resources of the large firms are having a difficult time keep up with the regulations and mapping out the right procedures to stay compliant.  Just today, MSN published an article about a researcher convinced one in four companies to give him data on his fiancee (with her permission) to show that GDPR compliance attempts can actually lead to breaches in and of themselves.

Takeaway

This year has shown that, when it comes to consumer privacy, the GDPR is taking its role seriously and businesses are uneven in their ability to comply. But it’s still early days. French regulator Mathias Moulin emphasized in February that this “should be considered a transition year,” as lawmakers continue to nail down certain details of the new law and tie up loose ends.   

While it seems the number of breaches reported and fines imposed will continue to increase, one of the big questions in the coming years will exactly effective these fines are in changing the culture around data privacy. Time will tell. 

A Pineapple Walks into a Coffee Shop: Cyber Protection on the Road

Vacations are a time to kick back and forget about the worries of everyday life. But that doesn’t mean you should forget about what cybersecurity risks you’re exposed to. In fact, traveling can present unique cybersecurity risks. Whether you’re at the beach or even just at your local coffee shop, carrying sensitive information on the go can open you up to additional vulnerabilities.  

Here are some tips to keep in mind when traveling

Backup data and update your software before you go

Packing shouldn’t be the only thing you do when preparing to travel. Before you go, be sure to back up your data and update the software on your devices.  

There is a lot to keep track of when you travel, and sometimes things get lost. Creating a backup of important information will ensure you can recover anything important on that iPad you left in the seat pocket of the airplane.  

Checking for any software updates on your devices is also essential. Keeping your systems and apps up to date will ensure you have latest security patches and help defend against malware attacks.  

Be careful about using public wi-fi

Whether at the airport, hotel, or coffee shop, public Wi-Fi might not be as secure as your connection at home or in the office.  These can be good spots for hackers with “pineapples” — wifi devices which intercept traffic and can perform “man-in-the-middle” attacks where you connect to the pineapple thinking you are connecting to the public wifi and the pineapple logs all your traffic (keystrokes, websites visited, login info, etc).

If you have to use vulnerable connection, avoid accessing sensitive accounts or anything containing personal information. Only use sites that begin with “https://” when online shopping or banking. Using your mobile network connection is generally more secure than using a public wireless network. However, your best bet for any public Wi-Fi is to use a Virtual Private Network (VPN). VPN’s will hide your IP address and reroute your connection through a private server.  

Disable auto-connect

Often, your devices will automatically scan and connect to available networks or other devices. This could lead you to unintentionally connect to an unsecure network, which bad guys with pineapples can use to gain access to your devicesMake sure to turn this feature off on all devices and always double check that you’re only connected to devices and networks you trust. 

Don’t use public computers

Using public computers at a hotel work center or an internet café can pose some serious risks. You can’t be sure the computers are up to date and have proper security software installedThere have been a number of cases where public computers contain malware that logs your keystrokes. This can be used to steal passwords, card numbers, and any other sensitive data you might enter into the computer.  

Lock and guard devices

We often think about information getting stolen by someone who remotely hacks into our device. But it’s also possible for this to happen if someone steals the device itself. Along with keeping a close eye on your belongings, make sure you use password protection, fingerprint authentication, or other types locks for all your devices. This will help prevent someone from accessing sensitive information in the event your device gets stolen.  

Scan for malware when you get home

Even if you follow all these tips, you can’t always be 100% certain that you weren’t exposed to some sort of attack. After you get home, use an anti-virus software to run a full scan of your device to ensure there isn’t anything fishy lurking anywhere.  

 

Is MFA necessary or just a PIA?

Are the days of simply keying in a login name and password coming to an end?  Perhaps not, but increasingly, cybersecurity standards and certain regulations are requiring that you need to have more than a password to log in to areas that contain sensitive data or critical processes.  MFA or “Multi-Factor Authorization” is a log-in process that provides the ability to do just that.  In fact, you may already be using it when you are asked to key in a code that is texted to your cell phone in order to log on to your credit card account as an example.

In essence, MFA requires a minimum of two authentication protocols:   (1) something you know (e.g., password); (2) something you have (e.g., a  a mobile app on a smart-phone that generates a one-time password or code; and (3) something you are (e.g., a biometric like a fingerprint or retinal scan.

The US Department of Defense requires MFA for its contractors and any service which adheres to NIST 800-171 of NIST 800-63-3 will have similar MFA requirements.  In addition, the New York Department of Financial Services has issued Cybersecurity Regulations which include the requirement that MFA must be used when accessing internal networks from an external network, unless the CISO (Chief Information Security Officer) has provided written approval to use reasonably equivalent, or more secure, access controls. It is not difficult to imagine that MFA will be a staple part of future regulations.

MFA does require an extra step, and most of us are used to technology decreasing the time it take to get things done.  However, it greatly reduces the ability of a bad guy to leverage your login account name and password to get in to your system.  And that is a good thing.

Even if you are not currently required to use MFA,  Consider adding MFA to any site may have key data you would want to protect, like client information, employee information, your bank accounts, credit cards, insurance, social media, email and even travel sites (that may be storing your passport info).  Most of these sites will provide MFA.  If not, they are certainly working on it.

MFA might be a PIA, but it’s also good CYA, as in “Cover Your Assets”!

 

Independence

Technology has radically altered our lives, democratized abilities and possibilities and has subsumed itself in virtually everything we do.

But perhaps we should not confuse technology with the possibility of more freedom or increased liberty. In fact, technology might more often get in the way.

I think Independence can be best felt walking in the meadow or along a stream on a sunny morning, measuring my breath against the songs of the insects and the birds.

And I see Liberty in the smiles of family, friends and neighbors when we get together and do nothing but enjoy each other’s company.

In other words, on this Independence Day, what a great time to set down our phones and laptops and desktops and relive freedom, relive independence, relive what it means to be human.

Happy Fourth of July!